The most widespread use of amber is in jewellery. Since ancient times, amber pendants, buttons and beads have been made, as well as more complex items. Amber has been widely used to make religious artefacts. Equally ancient is the use of amber for medicinal purposes. Amber is used to heal both internal and external disorders. Amber's curative properties are thought to be connected with its content of succinic acid, which is a unique biostimulant. Since it is practically Baltic amber alone that contains a significant amount of succinic acid, we may consider that only Baltic amber has these medicinal properties, and each piece has them to a different degree.

The chemical composition of succinite is the reason why a large proportion of this amber is chemically processed. Pure succinic acid is produced for making medicines and is used as a strategic material on nuclear submarines and in the engines of spacecraft. By-products include amber oil and amber varnish. These are used to make high quality paints and varnishes. Amber varnish is essential for restoring the gilded roofs of architectural monuments.

The optical properties of amber have been utilised for a long time. In the Middle Ages, spectacles were made from amber, and at the present day, several manufacturers of optical equipment use amber to improve the quality of lenses.

Amber, particularly pressed amber or amberoid, is used as an insulator in electrical equipment. Such amber cores were also used in the equipment that measured radiation levels after the Chernobyl nuclear disaster.